Obesity is not so much a matter of appearance as a matter of healthy and proper functioning of the whole organism. In this article, we will look at which organs are the first to suffer from excess fat and how to determine if you have extra pounds.
Scientists constantly say that obesity is a problem in modern society. It is as global as melting glaciers, ozone holes and carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. But its main differences are the direction and speed of progress. We cannot control natural phenomena, but trying to help humanity survive is our responsibility as a species.
However, what do you know about obesity? Most people have only a superficial knowledge of this problem. Usually, their knowledge boils down to the fact that a person with such a disease looks fat. Moreover, everyone has their own understanding of “thick”, so many do not even suspect that relatives and friends have such problems.
Obesity has several stages, and its main danger is not the loss of shape and difficulty in movement, but the defeat and failure of the functioning of internal organs. And even losing weight does not guarantee that the body will restore its natural processes, since it is much easier to destroy cells and tissues, infect them with diseases than to cure.
What organs are most affected by obesity?
Contrary to popular belief, the heart and blood vessels are not the first on the list of things that are in danger with regular overeating. The liver is most likely to malfunction since it is this organ that is involved in the processing of fats. It is the so-called filter of the whole organism, therefore, with an abundant and frequent intake of macronutrients, constant surges in glucose and insulin caused by fast carbohydrates, the liver simply cannot cope with the task. The main problem is that there are no pain receptors in this organ. A person will not feel a deviation until he reaches an extreme point: nausea and vomiting when eating food, pain in the right side under the ribs.
To monitor the condition of the liver, it is necessary to take blood tests for glucose, insulin, testosterone, and cholesterol levels annually. It is also recommended to be attentive to the work of the thyroid gland.
2. Cardiovascular system
There are two types of fat: subcutaneous and visceral. Obesity is characterized by the predominance of the second type, which is deposited on the walls of blood vessels and internal organs, preventing their correct and stable work. Essentially, fatty compounds block blood flow channels, and the heartbeat slows down. And the predominance of simple carbohydrates in the diet leads to constant jumps in sugar levels. It, in turn, makes the heart pump blood faster. But how can she move faster if the vessels have narrowed? The first symptoms are hypertension, frequent pressure surges.
It is not necessary to give up fast food completely, since any bans are a temporary measure that will last until your first breakdown. Gradually introduce vegetables rich in fiber, magnesium, potassium, iron, such as broccoli, other types of cabbage, and greens into the diet.
3. Respiratory system
Shortness of breath is a constant companion of obese people. Snoring, respiratory arrest during complete relaxation of the body and lack of sleep are also added to it. The reason again lies in visceral fat, as it presses on the internal organs, making the trachea already. If you already have some degree of obesity, then try to get rid of at least additional “contributions” to the deterioration of health: give up alcohol, smoking, daily breathing exercises so that the body does not feel a lack of oxygen.
The genitals play a huge role in metabolic processes and the conversion of fats into active energy. With obesity, the amount of lipids for breakdown significantly exceeds the ability of the reproductive system to produce optimal amounts of testosterone and estrogen. As a result, a decrease in sex drive.
In this matter, it is weight loss that plays a decisive role , since no dietary supplements and other medicinal or folk remedies will solve the problem, they will only remove the symptoms.
Excess weight is the cause of the development of urolithiasis. So say American scientists from Johns Hopkins University. It is not yet known how these two processes are related to each other, but in theory the kidneys suffer, because through them the body seeks to get rid of toxins and other excess substances in the body. However, with obesity, the resulting mass also puts pressure on the internal organs and interferes with metabolic processes. Simply put, the body ceases to understand what exactly needs to be withdrawn and what should be left.
To normalize the water-salt balance, it is recommended to use pumpkin, since it contains pectins, potassium, vitamins A, C, E and beta-carotenes. In addition, try to drink more pure non-carbonated water – 30 ml is required per 1 kg of weight daily.
Obesity lowers the level of oxygen in the blood, therefore, less substance is delivered to the brain that is responsible for the correct functioning of cells. In addition, a person’s cognitive capabilities largely depend on the speed of blood flow to the cerebral cortex and the elasticity of blood vessels, which, as we know, are narrowed due to visceral fat.
If you want not to lose the ability to think sensibly, then train your own memory and body. Physical activity has a positive effect on the brain: cardio work is aimed at creating hyperventilation and saturation of the body with oxygen, and power work – at stabilizing the work of neurons. Fatty fish rich in Omega-3 and phosphorus should be included in the diet.
Unlike all of the above-mentioned organs, any signs of malnutrition and hormone imbalance appear most quickly on the skin. The very first signs of health problems are sudden rashes on the face, peeling of certain areas, rough skin on the elbows and knees. You should also think about your own weight if you have persistent swelling, even without much physical activity, brittle nails and hair loss.
To restore the skin in the diet, it is necessary to include healthy protein-rich food. The use of creams and shampoos, of course, is also necessary for skin glooming, but basically they remove the symptoms, but not the cause of the disease.